Department of Education Releases $600 Million to Support Students Experiencing Homelessness

US Department of Education

WASHINGTON, D.C. — The U.S. Department of Education (Department) has released nearly $600 million in funding under the American Rescue Plan Act’s Homeless Children and Youth (ARP-HCY) program to support students experiencing homelessness. In April, the Department released the first $200 million of the $800 million in ARP-HCY funds to states. Following the Department’s approval of state applications, distribution of all of the remaining funds will give states and school districts access to this critical funding before the beginning of the 2021-2022 school year.

“Even before the coronavirus pandemic highlighted and exacerbated inequities in America’s education system, students experiencing homelessness faced numerous challenges as they strove to learn and achieve in school each day. Amid COVID-19 and the transition to remote and hybrid learning, for so many students, these challenges intensified. As a nation, we must do everything we can to ensure that all students—including students experiencing homelessness and housing insecurity—are able to access an excellent education,” said U.S. Secretary of Education Miguel Cardona. “I am thrilled that all states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico now will be able to use these funds from the American Rescue Plan to support students’ success in the new school year and ensure they are connected to vital services and supports.”

The additional ARP-HCY funding distributed will be used by states and school districts to identify children and youth experiencing homelessness. States can provide wraparound services in light of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic to enable children and youth experiencing homelessness participate fully in school activities, consistent with the McKinney-Vento Act, which is the primary piece of federal legislation related to the education of children and youth experiencing homelessness.

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The department’s announcement follows their review and approval of each state’s streamlined application to access the remaining ARP-HCY funds. States may use up to 25 percent of their funds for state-determined uses and, as the result of a rule published by the Department on July 9, states will award at least 75 percent of the state’s funding to school districts through formula subgrants, determined in part by a district’s population of children and youth experiencing homelessness and a district’s Title I-A allocation. Accordingly, districts will not have to compete for these funds, so these funds will reach districts that may not have accessed previous federal funding designated for students experiencing homelessness. This will make it possible for this funding to reach more students experiencing homelessness and for states and districts to access funding more quickly.

“Every single student deserves a safe place to call home, but for millions of students experiencing homelessness that is not the case—and during this pandemic these students faced truly unthinkable challenges,” said Sen. Patty Murray. “It’s critical that we identify students experiencing homelessness and get them the resources and support they need to thrive—and that’s exactly what this funding will help do. I’m so proud to have fought to include this critical funding in the American Rescue Plan, and I’m glad to see the Department of Education acting quickly to get these funds to our schools and communities in need. With so many students and families struggling with homelessness, I’ll keep fighting to ensure every single student can succeed in the classroom.”

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“Every child across America and West Virginia should have a roof over their head every single night,” said Sen. Joe Manchin. “I fought to ensure that the American Rescue Plan included $800 million to help identify and assist students currently experiencing homelessness. The department’s approval of state plans releases the second round of funding. West Virginia alone will be receiving more than $3.7 million, which is good news for the more than 10,000 West Virginia children and youth currently experiencing homelessness. This fight is far from over, and I’ll keep working with the Department of Education to ensure our children get the help they need and deserve.”

Each state received the following ARP-HCY allocation, including the amount released:

Total ARP Homeless Allocation ARP Homeless II (75 percent)
Total 800,000,000  
National Activities 1,000,000  
Amount to State
Education Agency
799,000,000 599,250,000
ALABAMA 13,239,031 9,930,896
ALASKA 2,350,009 1,762,578
ARIZONA 16,922,395 12,693,864
ARKANSAS 8,213,312 6,160,984
CALIFORNIA 98,757,695 74,080,388
COLORADO 7,643,776 5,733,757
CONNECTICUT 7,247,850 5,436,759
DELAWARE 2,691,098 2,018,466
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 2,531,300 1,898,654
FLORIDA 46,127,238 34,601,171
GEORGIA 27,849,370 20,890,458
HAWAII 2,701,880 2,026,637
IDAHO 2,882,705 2,162,241
ILLINOIS 33,129,062 24,850,845
INDIANA 13,072,898 9,806,255
IOWA 5,075,905 3,807,531
KANSAS 5,443,402 4,083,208
KENTUCKY 13,281,817 9,867,723
LOUISIANA 17,075,605 12,808,812;
MAINE 2,694,822; 2,021,258
MARYLAND 12,787,274 9,592,027
MASSACHUSETTS 11,994,087 8,997,008
MICHIGAN 24,378,753 18,287,030
MINNESOTA 8,655,053 6,492,319
MISSISSIPPI 10,664,254 7,999,500
MISSOURI 12,822,529 9,618,451
MONTANA 2,502,430 1,876,823
NEBRASKA 3,577,701 2,683,703
NEVADA 7,025,680 5,270,140
NEW HAMPSHIRE 2,296,237 1,722,244
NEW JERSEY 18,118,225 13,590,844
NEW MEXICO 6,416,504 4,813,169
NEW YORK 58,910,436 44,190,109
NORTH CAROLINA 23,588,229 17,694,073
NORTH DAKOTA 1,999,979 1,500,064
OHIO 29,308,662 21,985,056
OKLAHOMA 9,788,535 7,342,594
OREGON 7,346,860 5,511,026
PENNSYLVANIA 32,748,656 24,565,479
PUERTO RICO 19,438,068 14,580,948
RHODE ISLAND 2,719,153 2,039,510
SOUTH CAROLINA 13,841,864 10,383,098
SOUTH DAKOTA 2,502,430 1,876,823
TENNESSEE 16,303,363 12,229,524
TEXAS 81,388,454 61,051,359
UTAH 4,033,829 3,025,823
VERMONT 1,868,242 1,401,248
VIRGINIA 13,825,002 10,370,430
WASHINGTON 12,140,633 9,106,915
WEST VIRGINIA 4,990,123 3,743,199
WISCONSIN 10,097,813 7,574,572
WYOMING 1,989,772 1,492,407
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States are required to submit plans for their use of ARP-HCY funds within 60 days. For more information on ARP-HCY funding, click here.

DOE states this second distribution of ARP-HCY funds is aligned with the department’s broader efforts to support students and districts as they work to reengage students impacted by the pandemic, address inequities exacerbated by COVID-19, and build our education system back better than before.

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